1. Cyclist's Weight
2. Tire Width
When it comes to tire width, bigger tires can be used at lower pressures than skinny tires. As you increase the width, the tire has more volume. You can increase the volume of the tire without adding a lot of pressure. So you can have your bike set up in a way where it’s comfortable to ride.
3. Tire Type – Tubular vs. Clincher
A tubular tire incorporates a thin, lightweight tube inside the casing. The best tire technology today uses latex (rubber) in the inner tube, which is about half the weight of butyl. In fact, many people say that there is no difference in puncture resistance between butyl and latex tubes. A tubular tire is considered a high-end tire. They are available in road and mountain bike designs.
Tubular tires are sometimes used in high-level track bicycles because they are glued to a lightweight rim. However, most people do not use tubular tires in public because they need to be mounted professionally and can be very expensive.
Clincher tires have a casing and a separate inner tube. The casing and tube are connected by a bead, which is made of metal, plastic, or kevlar.
This is the most conventional tire, and the most commonly used. It is also the cheapest of the three types of tires. This tire combination is considered the standard wheel/tire package. A clincher tire is much lighter than a tubular.
4. Tire Compound
The compound is the rubber mixture that makes up the actual tire.
5. Internal Rim Width
While your tire is the most important part of the equation (with the rim coming in second), the third most important element is the width of your internal rim. All rims are measured across their internal width, eg: 23mm.
Many tires are designed to work at their best with a certain rim width. For example, a 700x23C tire is suitable on a rim that’s 23mm wide.
If you try to fit it on a 21mm wide internal rim, it may seem to be a tight squeeze but will roll just fine. However, you’ll experience a loss of tire pressure power and an increase in rolling resistance on a wider rim.
For a tire to reach its optimal performance potential, the width of the tire should match the width of your internal rim.
This is especially true when the tire width exceeds 25C because each cm of added width requires significantly more inflation pressure to maintain performance.
6. Riding Terrain and Road Surface
The riding terrain and road surface are the first things to consider. Your riding surface and riding surface will affect your air pressure. Pavement, dirt, sand, gravel, all will have an impact on your air pressure. So whether you’re riding on the road or off-road, it’s important to know the specifics of your riding surface.
Mountain biking is generally done on rough terrain with a lot of bumps. This means you have to be more careful with your tire pressures. You want lower air pressure in your tires, so they can handle the sharp rocks and grass that you’ll encounter without getting damaged. These conditions will force you to use tires with lower air pressure, as you wouldn’t be able to handle the rocks and small bumps otherwise.
Road biking is generally done on smooth surfaces and is focused on speed and efficiency. This means you’ll need to have higher tire pressures.
7. Riding Conditions
- Pavement: The most commonly ridden surface: smooth and flat.
- Gravel: Asphalt roads may have some gravel on them, but the dirt is what makes a true gravel road rougher and bumpier. Bigger tires mean more cushioning and smoother riding.
- Mud: A sticky mess that will completely soak your tires.